The Windows 2000 Recovery Console is a command-line interface that you use to perform a variety of troubleshooting and recovery tasks, including:

Note   In Windows 2000 Beta 3, the Recovery Console does not function on a domain controller.

To install the Recovery Console, start a command prompt in Windows 2000, change to the I386 (or Alpha) folder on the Windows 2000 compact disc, and then run the winnt32 command with the /cmdcons switch. After you install the Recovery Console, you access it from the Startup menu.

Note   You also access the Recovery Console by using the Windows 2000 Setup disks or the Windows 2000 compact disc to start your computer, and then selecting the Recovery Console option when you are prompted to choose repair options.

When you start the Recovery Console, you must specify the installation of Windows 2000 you want to log on to (even on a computer with a single-boot configuration), and then you must log on as the Administrator.

The following table describes the Recovery Console commands.

Command Description
chdir (cd) Displays the name of the current folder or changes the current folder
chkdsk Checks a disk and displays a status report
cls Clears the screen
copy Copies a single file to another location
delete (del) Deletes one or more files
dir Displays a list of files and subfolders in a folder
disable Disables a system service or a device driver
enable Starts or enables a system service or a device driver
exit Exits the Recovery Console and restarts your computer
fdisk Manages partitions on your hard disks
fixboot Writes a new partition boot sector onto the system partition
fixmbr Repairs the master boot record of the partition boot sector
format Formats a disk
help Displays a list of the commands that you use in the Recovery Console
logon Logs on to a Windows 2000 installation
map Displays the drive letter mappings
mkdir (Md) Creates a folder
more Displays a text file
rmdir (rd) Deletes a folder
Rename (ren) Renames a single file
systemroot Sets the current folder to the systemroot folder of the system that you are currently logged on to
type Displays a text file


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Last Updated: August 27, 1999